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2018大学英语四级:词汇辨析练习(二)

发布于 2018-04-10 15:17  编辑:Claire
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1.His painting is a/an ___ copy of the original.

A. exact B. precise C. correct D. accurate

2.Laser technology has enhanced the ___ of many surgical procedures.

A. detail B. cost C. exaction D. precision

3.We hope to become more ___ in predicting earthquakes.

A. exact B. correct C. precise D. accurate

4.It’s the ___ thing to do.

A. accurate B. precise C. exact D. correct

5.One of his eyes was injured in an accident, but after a ___ operation, he quickly recovered his sight.

A. precise B. delicate C. considerate D. exact


解析:

  1. His painting is a/an exact copy of the original.他的画是与原作丝毫不差的临摹作品.

2.Laser technology has enhanced the precision of many surgical procedures.激光技术已大大提高了外科手术的精确度.

3.We hope to become more accurate in predicting earthquakes.我们希望能更准确地预测地震.(be accurate in… 在…方面很精确)

4.It`s the correct thing to do.正应如此.

5.One of his eyes was injured in an accident, but after a delicate operation, he quickly recovered his sight.他的一只眼睛在事故中受伤,但经过精细的手术以后很快恢复了视力.



6. The soldier was ___ of running away when the enemy attacked.

A. scolded B. charged C. accused D. punished

7.He ___ me with negligence of duty.

A. accused B. blamed C. charged D. indicted

8.The police ___ him as a rioter.

A. indicted B. accused C. charged D. punished

9.His company ___ him for sabotage.

A. accused B. indicted C. blamed D. charged

10.He was ___ on a charge of murder.

A. accused B. charged C. punished D. indicted


解析:

6.The soldier was accused of running away when the enemy attacked.这个士兵被指控为临阵逃脱.

7. He charged me with negligence of duty.他指控我玩忽职守.

8.The police indicted him as a rioter.警察指控他为扰乱治安者.(Indict sb. as…指控某人为…)

9.His company indicted him for sabotage他公司告发他的破坏行为.(indict sb for sth.告发某人…)

10.He was indicted on a charge of murder.他因犯杀人罪被起诉.(sb. be indicted on a charge of …因犯…被告发)



11. After so many years of hard work, he finally ___ success.

A. obtained B. acquired C. achieved D .gained

12.She has ___ some very unpleasant habits recently.

A. obtained B. gained C. attained D. acquired

13.In typhoon, winds ___ a speed greater than 120 km per hour.

A. assume B. accomplish C. attain D. assemble

14.In the second experiment they ___ a very clear result.

A. obtained B. acquired C. won D. attained

15.No ___ without pains.

A. obtains B. gains C. attains D. acquires

16.She ___ a good knowledge of English from Mr. Chen's lectures.

A. achieved B. attained C. acquired D. gained


解析:

11.After so many years of hard work, he finally achieved success.经过这么多年努力,他终于获得了成功.

12.She has acquired some very unpleasant habits recently.她最近养成了一些不良的习惯.

13.In typhoon, winds attain a speed greater than 120 km per hour.发生台风时,风速每小时高达120公里.

14.In the second experiment they obtained a very clear result.在第二次试验中他们的到了一个非常清楚的结果.

15.No gains without pains.不劳则无获.

16. She acquired a good knowledge of English from Mr. Chen's lectures.他从陈教授的讲座中学到很多英语知识.


辨析:

accurate 准确的,精确的,指某人或某事不仅不出错,而且与事实无出入,强调准确性

correct 正确的,指某人或某事合乎事实或公认的标准或规则,没有错误

delicate 精美、精细的、雅致的

exact 确切的、精确的,语气较accurate强,指某人或某事数量或质量完全符合事实或标准,而且在细致末节上也丝毫不差

precise 精密的,指具有高度的精确性和准确性,强调范围界限的鲜明性或细节的精密,有时略带"吹毛求疵"的贬义


accuse: Accuse sb. of doing sth.为…指责某人, 控告某人

charge: charge sb. with doing sth.指控某人…


achieve 强调由于极大的努力,克服困难后达到目标

acquire 指经过不懈努力才获得的技术,知识等抽象的东西,也指养成习惯等

attain 正式用语,指经过艰苦努力才使人达到完美境地

gain 指需要做出比obtain更大的努力,往往指通过竞争获得某些有价值的东西

obtain 指经过努力或付出代价或经过很长时间儿得到所需要的东西




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